The coat and heavy mane is thick, with coarse guard hair and a wooly undercoat.  Photos of dogs shown on web sites are frequently photoshopped to exaggerate color intensity, size, and "bone". They are large, standing at least 24 inches (61 cm) tall and weighing 70–150 pounds (32–68 kg). Although the breed is still considered somewhat uncommon, as more active breeders arose and produced adequate numbers of dogs, various registries and show organizations (FCI, AKC) began to recognize the breed. The Tibetan Mastiff was able to adapt to the extreme highland conditions of the Tibetan Plateau very quickly compared to other mammals such as the yak, Tibetan antelope, snow leopard, and the wild boar. 1983. 3 talking about this. The Tibetan Mastiff is a large, athletic and powerful dog that matures slowly at around 3–5 years old. Double-coated, with fairly long, thick coarse guard hair, with heavy soft undercoat in cold weather which becomes rather sparse in warmer months. Seen from behind, the hind legs and stifle are parallel. All Tibetan Mastiff found here are from AKC-Registered parents. It is part of the nomadic cultures in Tibet, China, India, Nepal and Mongolia. MORE IN GUARDIAN DOG GROUP Weight: Males: 100-160 pounds. TMs âblowâ their undercoat once a year in a massive shedding in late spring or summer. ... widespread on a basis which can change from gray to red. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. The Tibetan Mastiff was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1998. Eyes deep-set, well apart, almond-shaped, and slightly slanting, with tightly fitting eye rims at maturity. There is no slope or angle to the croup. A Chinese woman was reported to have spent more than 4 million yuan to buy an 18-month-old purebred male Tibetan Mastiff. They are powerful animals, and are said to be able to kill a tiger. This characteristic is also found in wild canids such as the wolf and other wild animals. TMs prefer to focus on work-related tasks, such as patrolling their territory, rather than structured play, such as chasing a flying disc or playing fetch. Feet – A single or double dewclaw may be present on the rear feet. They will do what their owners ask of them if they respect and trust their judgmentâbut if there is ever a question, the TM will follow his instincts over training. Tibetans believe that Tibetan Mastiffs have the souls of monks and nuns who were not good enough to be reincarnated into people or into Shambhala (the heavenly realm). The breed’s thick double coat can be black, brown, blue-gray, red, or gold. The Tibetan Mastiff stands well up on the pasterns, with strong, tight, cat feet, giving an alert appearance. The Tibetan Mastiff is shown naturally. Ears – Medium size, V-shaped, pendant, set-on high, dropping forward and hanging close to head. Find Tibetan Mastiff dogs and puppies from Tennessee breeders. Its walk is slow and deliberate, while its trot is powerful and light-footed. The neck, especially in mature dogs, is shrouded by a thick upstanding mane. Sometimes they have markings around the eyes, muzzle, throat, legs, and tail that vary from silver to mahogany. Heavy wrinkling to be severely faulted; however a single fold extending from above the eyes down to the corner of the mouth acceptable at maturity. They are also notorious for performing impeccably in class and then completely ignoring all commands when they are once again at home. The price of Tibetan mastiff in India also is very high because it is one of the most demanding dog breeds that everyone wants to have. They have a low-maintenance coat that requires minimal grooming during the majority of the year. According to the breed standard, TMs are to be shown naturally; no clipping or trimming is acceptable except to shape the feet and to give a clean appearance to the hocks. Your Dog Deserves Nothing But the Best: Meet AKC Canine Retreat in Midtown West Manhattan, iy_2021; im_01; id_07; ih_12; imh_18; i_epoch:1610050724160, py_2020; pm_12; pd_13; ph_23; pmh_05; p_epoch:1607929513799, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Sun Dec 13 23:05:13 PST 2020; pn_epoch:1607929513799. Noble and impressive: a large, but not a giant breed. They tend to conserve energy until needed, exhibiting only short bursts of activity, and lack endurance. The coat color comes in black, brown and blue-gray, all with or without tan markings and various shades of gold. It can also have white markings. The Tibetan Mastiff is considered a primitive breed. Leaving a Tibetan Mastiff outside all night with neighbors nearby is not recommended. Grooming - Both the Bullmastiff and Tibetan Mastiff are very low maintenance and easy to groom. These densely-coated giants are mellow and calm around the house, sweetly devoted to family, and aloof and territorial with strangers. Lack of consistent, rational discipline can result in the creation of dangerous, unpredictable dogs. The Tibetan Mastiff has an average level of barking. Recommended Health Tests from the National Breed Club: Read theÂ Official Breed Club Health Statement. Instinctive behaviors including canine pack behavior contributed to the survival of the breed in harsh environments. Females typically have a single heat cycle a year. Grooming - Both the Tibetan Mastiff and Teacup Poodle are very low maintenance and easy to groom. The Tibetan Mastiff is an ancient dog breed which is also among the rarest in the world. Raised when alert, level with the top of the skull. The breed is so ancient, and Tibet has always been so isolated, that itâs impossible to say how or when TMs came to be. Many dogs of this breed will have "low" thyroid values, but no clinical symptoms. 15-SEP-2017 By Drokpa Tibetan Mastiff. In 2011, a DNA study concluded that there was a genetic relationship between the Tibetan Mastiff and the Great Pyrenees, Bernese Mountain Dog, Rottweiler and Saint Bernard, and that these large breed dogs are probably partially descended from the Tibetan Mastiff. The Tibetan Mastiff (Tibetan: འདོགས་ཁྱི, Wylie: Dogs khyi, Chinese: 藏獒, Pinyin: Zàng áo, Hindi: गद्दी कुत्ता) is a large Tibetan dog breed belonging to the mastiff family. An athletic and substantial dog, of solemn but kindly appearance. Females: 24-28 inches. Origin and phylogenetic analysis of Tibetan Mastiff based on the mitochondrial DNA sequence. However, because the standard thyroid levels were established using domestic dog breeds, test results must be considered in the context of what is "normal" for the breed, not what is normal across all breeds. After 1980, the breed began to gain in popularity worldwide. , The dogs of Thibet are twice the size of those seen in India, with large heads and hairy bodies. Low-set and/or hound-like ears to be severely faulted. Tibetan Mastiff – a summary. Feet – Cat feet. Coat Colors. We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country. Hypothyroidism is fairly common in Tibetan Mastiffs, as it is in many large "northern" breeds. Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? Trimming is not acceptable except to provide a clean cut appearance of feet and hocks. The Tibetan Mastiff was first recognized by the AKC in 2006. The Tibetan Mastiff should do well on a high-qualityÂ dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Now rare in Tibet, the Tibetan Mastiff is gaining popularity in both the United States and England. Healthy You, Healthy Dog, Healthy New Year! A Tibetan Mastiff is possibly better suited to being a guard dog than a family pet. The Tibetan Mastiff should do well on high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Some lines do produce long-lived dogs. , As a socialized, more domestic dog, it can thrive in a spacious, fenced yard with a canine companion, but it is generally not an appropriate dog for apartment living. 2008. Some breeders are now (as of 2014) marketing white Tibetan Mastiffs. In the early 20th century, King George V introduced a pair of Tibetan Mastiffs, and enough of the breed were available in England in 1906 to be shown at the Crystal Palace show. It is one of the few primitive dog breeds that retains a single estrus per year instead of two, even at much lower altitudes and in much more temperate climates than its native climate. This dog is known for its loyalty and has been used as a nomad dog for thousands of years.. The hocks are strong, approximately one-third the overall length of the leg, and perpendicular. They make good throw-rugs in winter, and air-conditioner vent covers in summer! (Sterilization of the dog may dramatically affect the coat as to texture, density and shedding pattern.).  In 2014, a study added the Leonberger to the list of possible relatives. Removal of rear dewclaws, if present, optional. ExpressionÂ – Noble, intelligent, watchful and aloof. The coat color comes in black, brown and blue-gray, all with or without tan markings and various shades of gold. Tibetan Mastiffs are shown under one standard in the West, but separated by the Indian breed standard into two varieties: Lion Head (smaller; exceptionally long hair from forehead to withers, creating a ruff or mane) and Tiger Head (larger; shorter hair).  Unfortunately, known carriers were bred extensively and are behind many lines still being actively bred. Many breeders claim a life expectancy of 10–16 years, but these claims are unsubstantiated. The breed has fewer genetic health problems than many breeds, but cases can be found of hypothyroidism, entropion, ectropion, distichiasis, skin problems including allergies, autoimmune problems including demodex, Addison's disease, Cushing's disease, missing teeth, malocclusion (overbite, underbite, dry mouth), cardiac problems, seizures, epilepsy, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), cataracts, and small ear canals with a tendency for infection. However, in nomad camps and in villages, the 'Do-Khyi is traditionally allowed to run loose at night. Vets and owners differ on the relative merits of medicating dogs which test "low", but are completely asymptomatic. The Western-bred dogs are generally more easy-going, although somewhat aloof with strangers coming to the home. Its body is slightly longer than tall. Tibetan Mastiffs have exceptionally strong jaws and teeth, and combining this with a remarkably high intelligence that lends to boredom and their legendary fondness for wood can result in amazingly destructive acts to your house. This dog breed is an ancient type of large Tibetan dog. Owners must understand canine psychology and be able and willing to assume the primary leadership position. They should be tested periodically throughout their lives using a complete thyroid "panel". In general, dogs carry noticeably more coat than bitches. The coat color comes in black, brown and blue-gray, all with or without tan markings and various shades of gold. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid, minimum 26 inches (male), minimum 24 inches (female), 90-150 pounds (male), 70-120 pounds (female). range. Underline with pronounced (but not exaggerated) tuck-up. This is a low-temperature area, and bringing this dog to the United States or any other country has some additional costs. Â© The American Kennel Club, Inc. 2020. This dog’s look is also compared to the bear or lion-like many other large dogs due to its mane around the neck. Bhote Kukur in Nepali as bhote means someone from Tibet and kukur means dog. Dogs with longer hair tend to take on a lion-like appearance, and even their feet seem somewhat feline. The whole appearance is impressive, with a solemn but kindly expression. Topline – Topline level and firm between withers and croup. Yet maintain the breed, produce the very best pups we … The breed was useful in guarding against wolves, tigers, bears, leopards, and other carnivorous mammals such as weasels and ferrets. Tail and britches densely coated and heavily feathered. The Tibetan Mastiff has a double coat that helps it stay warm in cold weather. The Tibetan Mastiff is a powerful, heavy, but athletic dog, the Tibetan Mastiff is built to combine strength and agility. Life Span: 6 to 12 puppies: Personality: Independent, … The Caucasian Ovcharka drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed. Tibetan mastiff colors. Through hundreds of years of selective breeding for a protective flock and family guardian, the breed has been prized for being a nocturnal sentry, keeping would-be predators and intruders at bay, barking at sounds throughout the night. [page needed][page needed], The Tibetan mastiff is a phenotypically distinct dog breed that was bred as a flock guardian in the high altitudes of the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau. Bringing you the first Breeding Tibetan Mastiffs to New Zealand. However, some few breeders cling to the practice of inbreeding, do not perform health tests on their breeding stock, and do not support buyers of the puppies they produce. The Tibetan Mastiff known as 'Do-Khyi in Tibetan, reflects its use as a guardian of herds, flocks, tents, villages, monasteries and palaces, much as the Old English Bandog (also meaning tied dog) was a dog tied outside the home as a guardian. Any other color or shape to be severely faulted since it detracts from the typical expression. For the reason it has been gradually excluded from selection. Barking - The Teacup Poodle bark/howls frequently. Body – The chest is well developed, with reasonable spring of rib. Hair is fine but hard, straight and stand-off; never silky, curly or wavy. Tibetan Mastiff a powerful, heavy, but athletic dog breed like a Great Dane, but he is built to combine strength and agility.The body of the dog is slightly longer than they are tall. These dogs are actually very pale gold, not truly white. The head is broad and impressive, with substantial back skull, the eyes deep-set and almond shaped, slightly slanted, the muzzle broad and well-padded, giving a square appearance. The Teacup Poodle does okay around kids, but is not as tolerant as the Tibetan Mastiff. Eyes – Very expressive, medium size, any shade of brown. As breeders our job is introducing the Tibetan, and increase awareness of the breed. Distinguish the Tibetan Mastiff. As with most large breeds, some will suffer with elbow or hip dysplasia. Therefore, attempts to eliminate "low thyroid" dogs from the Tibetan Mastiff gene pool may have unintended consequences for the breed. The Tibetan Mastiff is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed. The body is slightly longer than tall. (1980). They do not have reliable recall and should never be trusted off leash. The hallmarks of the breed are the head and the tail. In Tibet, Tibetan Mastiffs are traditionally kept with Lhasa Apsos, who alert them to the appearance of any stranger. Seizures have been reported, but the issue is not prevalent in the breed. The head of this breed is broad with deeply set eyes and highly set, pendant ears. You can find Tibetan Mastiffs in a range of AKC-recognized colors. ... it will appear Blue/Grey (image 8). The Tsang-khyi (which, to a Tibetan, means only "dog from Tsang") is also referred to as the "monastery" type, described as generally taller, heavier, and more heavily boned, with more facial wrinkling and haw than the Do-khyi or "nomad" type. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Other, more closely inbred lines, produce short-lived, unhealthy dogs. Black, Black & Tan, Blue Gray, Blue Gray & Tan, Brown, Brown & Tan, Red Gold, Red Gold: Height: Males: 26-30 inches. The ear leather is thick, covered with soft short hair, and when measured, should reach the inner corner of the eye. Tibetan Mastiffs eat much less than expected for their size, as adults may only require two to four cups of a quality food per day. The quality of the coat is of greater importance than length. Tibetan Mastiff information including personality, history, grooming, pictures, videos, and the AKC breed standard. The typical expression of the breed is one of watchfulness. J Genet Genomics. The Chinese name for the breed is Zàng áo (Cantonese: Tzong ngou), meaning "Tibetan Mastiff-dog". Its double coat is long, subject to climate, and found in a wide variety of colors, including solid black, black and tan, various shades of red (from pale gold to deep red) and bluish-gray (dilute black), often with white and blue markings. As a flock guardian dog in Tibet and in the West, it uses all the usual livestock guardian tactics (e.g., barking, scent-marking perimeters) to warn away predators and avoid direct confrontations. Legs: Straight, with substantial bone and muscle, well covered with short, coarse hair, feathering on the back, and with strong pasterns that have a slight slope. Since AKC recognition, the number of active breeders has skyrocketed, leading to over-production of puppies, many of which are highly inbred and of questionable quality. Initially, the breed suffered because of the limited gene pool from the original stock, but today's reputable breeders work hard at reducing the genetic problems through selective breeding and the international exchange of new bloodlines. Tibetan mastiff comes in various coat colours such as black, blue, gray, black and tan, brown, and red. Unless they are to be used exclusively as livestock guardians, socialization training is also critical with this breed, because of their reserved nature with strangers and guardian instincts. Itâs impossible to discuss this breed without leaning on words like âpowerful,â âmuscular,â “massive,â and âsubstantial.â And yet, TMs are quite light-footed and will meet a perceived threat with surprising agility. The Himachal Pradesh, which means the “snow-laden region”, is a state in northern India where local tribes used the Tibetan Mastiff to protect sheep from predators. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. The American Tibetan Mastiff Association was formed in 1974 and serves as the breed’s official registry and network in the United States. Photoshop is often used to make dogs of normal color(s) appear white in advertisements. The outer texture of that coat is thick and coarse, while the inner texture is soft and wool-like. Tibetan Mastiffs are ancient guard dogs from Tibet and members of the working group. Location: The Tibetan Mastiff originates from Tibet, Nepal. The coat of a Tibetan Mastiff lacks the unpleasant big-dog smell that affects many large breeds. If a dog is at/at, d/d then it will appear Blue/Gray and Tan (image 9). Rims to be black except in blue/grey and blue/grey and tan dogs, the darkest possible shade of grey. The Tibetan Mastiff is strongly discouraged for new or inexperienced owners. Tibetan mastiffs became a status symbol in China in the 2000s and early 2010s. In Tibet, Tibetan Mastiffs are called "do-khyi" or "tied dog" and are kept chained to the gates and let loose at night. The Tibetan Mastiff Club of America was founded in 1974, as was the American Tibetan Mastiff Association. Nails may be either black and/or white, regardless of coat color. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage. Canine inherited demyelinative neuropathy (CIDN), an inherited condition, appeared in one of the prominent lines of Tibetan Mastiffs in the early 1980s. Tibetan Mastiffs need daily moderate exercise, but it does not need to be in the form of an organized activity. A correct head and expression is essential to the breed. By 2015, due to copious production by breeders and unsuitability of the breed as a pet in urban situations, prices in China for the best dogs had fallen to about $2,000 and both lower quality and crossbreed dogs were being abandoned. 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